(Flora da Madeira: plantas vasculares naturalizadas no arquipélago da Madeira.) Agriculture Handbook Washington, 679. Flowering period: July to October, rarely forms small yellow flowers 11. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Preliminary review of the invasive plants in the Pacific Islands (SPREP member countries). It is widely grown in temperate climates as an ornamental houseplant. Peterborough, UK: Joint Nature Conservation Committee. Plant Diversity and Evolution, 128:561-595. Wildland Weeds, 1(2):6-7. Capable of reaching 40 feet in height, schefflera will grow rapidly to create a dense windbreak or screen for property lines. [English title not available]. Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. S. actinophylla requires full sun to flower (Gilman and Watson, 1994), and fruits appear about 6 weeks or more after flowering (Menninger, 1971). Schefflera on the loose in south Florida. In Hawaii, S. actinophylla flowers from April through October (Little and Skolmen, 1989), and flowering is in the summer or autumn in Florida (Langeland et al., 2008). Crowns of large showy leaves form an umbrella shape giving it the popular name "Umbrella Tree". The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Englberger K, 2009. It was listed as an invasive plant in 2003 for the Bahamas (Kairo et al., 2003); and in 2012 for Cuba (González-Torres et al., 2012) and Puerto Rico (Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012). Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. This naturalized ornamental garden plant and houseplant is native to Australia and New Guinea. A test of pollinator specificity and morphological convergence between nectarivorous birds and rainforest tree flowers in New Guinea. In Hawaii the octopus tree is found in mesic disturbed habitats. It is native to tropical rainforests and gallery forests in northern and north-eastern Queensland coasts and the Northern Territory of Australia, as well as New Guinea and Java. CABI, Undated. It produces racemes up to 2 m (6.5 ft) long containing up to 1,000 small red flowers. The status of exotic plants in the preserves of southern Florida. Highly adaptable to different environments, Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately, N-phosphonomethyl-glycine (glyphosate): apply on cut stump, or paint basal green bark, 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinyl-oxy acetic acid (triclopyr) + 4-amino-3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinecarboxylic acid (picloram): apply on basal bark. Julissa Rojas-Sandoval, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA, Pedro Acevedo-Rodríguez, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA. In: Non-native species in UK Overseas Territories: a review, Peterborough, UK: Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC). Plunkett GM; Lowry PPII; Frodin DG; Wen J, 2005. The risk of introduction of S. actinophylla is high. In additions, the species is used commonly by landscapers to be planted in gardens and yards because it attracts birds (Gilman and Watson, 1994; Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2007; Gucker, 2011). Non-native species in UK Overseas Territories: a review. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm. Noteworthy Characteristics Schefflera actinophylla, commonly known as umbrella tree, is native to rainforests in Australia and New Guinea where it grows as a tree to 50’ tall. Description: Tree to c. 10 m high, often multistemmed, glabrous. Kolonia, Federated States of Micronesia: Conservation Society of Pohnpei, 29 pp. Taxon, 53:987-1005. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Frodin DG; Lowry PPII; Plunkett GM, 2009. A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore: native, naturalised and cultivated species. 52 pp. Variegated schefflera (Schefflera arboricola "Variegata") is a dwarf version of the Schefflera actinophylla, or umbrella tree. Development of new foliage plant cultivars. (Plantas Invasoras en Cuba.) Chromosomal evolution in Araliaceae and close relatives. Proceedings of the Fifth National Symposium, Atlanta, Georgia, USA, 10-13 November, 2001 [ed. Common names include Australia umbrella tree, Queensland umbrella tree, octopus tree and amate. List of species of the Flora of Brazil (Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil). Seeds have high germination rates, and high densities of seedlings and young plants have been reported near seed sources, which are able to grow in shaded areas as well as in sunny open areas (Gucker, 2011). Micronesica, 15:222. In Florida, flowers of S. actinophylla are visited by the red-whiskered bulbuls Pycnonotus jocosus, which escaped from captivity around 1960 (Carleton and Owre, 1975). Considering that S. actinophylla is a successful invader that can escape from gardens and is able to colonize disturbed areas as well as natural undisturbed forest, the probability of colonizing new areas remains high. Anon, 2012. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Flowering begins in early summer and typically continues for several months. Invasive weeds of Pohnpei: A guide for identification and public awareness., Kolonia, Federated States of Micronesia: Conservation Society of Pohnpei. Shefflera actinophylla: schefflera. Trade and Invasive Species in the Caribbean: A Universe of Risk. [4] Its leaves are a favourite food of the Bennett's tree-kangaroo. Notes on the flora of the Yucatan Peninsula III: new records and miscellaneous notes for the peninsular flora II. June 17, 2009. Singapore: Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore, 273 pp. Thayer D, 1998. In addition, the epiphytic growth form can strangle and eventually kill host trees (Menninger, 1971). in Florida, Hawaii and on several islands in the south Pacific).The roots of … Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie. In: Harvard Papers in Botany, 9 (2) 257-296. [3], The up to 1,000 flowers produced by the plant generate large amounts of nectar, attracting nectar-eating birds that pollinate them. Motooka P; Castro L; Nelson D; Nagai G; Ching L, 2003. These spikes aren’t showy, often greenish-white or cream in color, and they stay fairly compact. Singapore: Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore. Seed +/- reniform to slightly lunate, about 5-6 x 3 mm, about 10 … Shefflera actinophylla: schefflera. Species: Schefflera arboricola 7. [English title not available]. Broschat TK; Meerow AW, 1991. S. actinophylla is a relatively large tree usually growing 6-12 metres tall while S. arboricola is a shrub or relatively small tree usually growing 3-4 metres tall. April 19, 2005, ©Forest & Kim Starr Images-2005 - CC-BY-3.0, Original citation: Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries (2007), Original citation: Swarbrick and Hart (2001), Pohnpei Islands. Space JC, Flynn T, 2000. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, Varnham K, 2006. Common forest trees of Hawaii (native and introduced). Englberger K, 2009. http://www.herbier-tahiti.pf, Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2011. Currently this species is common as an ornamental in lowlands, where it escapes from cultivated areas to become a serious weed and an invasive species in natural areas (Wagner et al., 1999; PIER, 2012). Queensland umbrella tree, Brassaia-actinophylla. Meyer J Y, 2000. In Australia, flowering activity occurs mostly during spring and summer (Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011). Mori SA, Buck WR, Gracie CA, Tulig M, 2007. CC-BY-3.0, Schefflera actinophylla (octopus tree, umbrella plant); Leaves at Holida Inn Express Boynton Beach, Florida. [9] This plant has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Noteworthy Characteristics. Flower Color: Red, Pink Flora Vitiensis nova: a new flora of Fiji. Thaman RR, Fosberg FR, Manner HI, Hassall DC, 1994. S. actinophylla requires full sun to flower (Gilman and Watson, 1994), and fruits appear about 6 weeks or more after flowering (Menninger, 1971). http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/home.do. The genus Schefflera is the second most important interior tree genus after Ficus (Chen et al., 2002). [English title not available]. Invasive plants in Cuba. Brisbane, Australia: Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, Land Protection (Invasive Plants and Animals). [Virtual Herbarium of The New York Botanical Garden.] In: Bissea: Boletin sobre Conservacion de Plantad del Jardin Botanico Nacional, 6 [ed. USDA Forest Service, Honolulu, 51. Space JC; Flynn T, 2002a. Acevedo-Rodríguez P; Strong MT, 2012. In nature, it blossoms numerous small white flowers. The red-whiskered bulbul in Florida: 1960-1971. U.S. Habitat: The octopus tree is able to tolerate a large variety of moisture levels, but are restricted to areas with warm climates and temperatures that remain above 35o F. It can be found in a variety of habitats such as sand dunes, beaches, forests, and cypress strands. Gainesville, FL, USA: University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension, Environmental Horticultural Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service. Schefflera Arboricola is a pretty tall evergreen shrub that can reach between (8-9 m) in height. The first record of escape was in 1973 when it was recorded as “sparingly naturalized.” Today, the 273 pp. Schefflera actinophylla flower spikes are the origin of the “octopus plant” name. Non-native species in UK Overseas Territories: a review. The specific epithet actinophylla means "with radiating leaves". 227. http://www.sprep.org/att/irc/ecopies/countries/palau/48.pdf. In: Research Bulletin - Dodo Creek Research Station, Honiara, Solomon Islands: ii + 203 pp. Its leaves are borne on robust stalks (i.e. Identification and Biology of Non-native Plants in Florida's Natural Areas., Gainesville, Florida, USA: University of Florida IFAS Extension. http://sweetgum.nybg.org/saba/. Schefflera – a decorative and deciduous plant. Schefflera actinophylla is an evergreen tree growing to 15 m (49 ft) tall. Research Bulletin No. Larger trees should be cut, and follow-up treatments are required to control sprouts (Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries 2007; Gucker, 2011). Manual of the flowering plants of Hawaii., Honolulu, Hawai'i, USA: Bishop Museum Press. Indoor plants the leaves will be smaller at 4 … S. schefflera is valued by landscapers because it attracts birds to gardens (Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2007). Schefflera lends a tropical effect to any landscape use, from patio containers to interiorscapes to protected outdoor locations. Samoa: South Pacific Regional Environment Programme. Flora of the Bahama Archipelago. Waugh JD, 2009. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., USA: Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry . Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Flora Vitiensis nova: a new flora of Fiji., Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii, USA: National Tropical Botanic Gardens. © Copyright 2021 CAB International. Schefflera actinophylla (octopus tree, umbrella plant); flowers and fruit at Kakipi Gulch Haiku, Maui. Umbrella tree (Schefflera actinophylla) is regarded as an environmental weed in south-eastern Queensland, New South Wales, and on Christmas Island.It is also very invasive in other parts of the world (i.e. 2011, http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, http://lkcnhm.nus.edu.sg/nus/pdf/PUBLICATION/LKCNH%20Museum%20Books/LKCNHM%20Books/flora_of_singapore_tc.pdf, http://hort.ufl.edu/database/documents/pdf/tree_fact_sheets/schacta.pdf, http://www.daff.qld.gov.au/documents/Biosecurity_EnvironmentalPests/IPA-Umbrella-Plant-PP96.pdf, http://keyserver.lucidcentral.org/weeds/data/03030800-0b07-490a-8d04-0605030c0f01/media/Html/Index.htm, http://www.cabi.org/isc/FullTextPDF/2013/20133109119.pdf, http://www.sprep.org/att/irc/ecopies/countries/palau/48.pdf, http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, http://www.europe-aliens.org/speciesFactsheet.do?speciesld=50539#, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, Schefflera actinophylla (octopus tree, umbrella plant); habit with Laysan albatross at Midway Mall Sand Island, Midway Atoll. http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2012/. S. actinophylla is native to northern Queensland in Australia, New Guinea, and Java and it has become weedy where introduced in southern Queensland (Russell-Smith, 1991; Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2011). Charles Darwin Foundation, 2008. In: Virtual Herbarium of The New York Botanical Garden, http://sweetgum.nybg.org/saba/, Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012. Langeland KA; Cherry HM; McCormick CM; Craddock Burks KA, 2008. The Auk, 92(1):40-57. Schefflera, or Queensland Umbrella Tree or Octopus Tree, is an attractive-looking tree that … Revised edition. Hawaii Native Status: Introduced. Family Name: Araliaceae: ... Fruit Type 1: Fleshy Fruit: Fruit Type 2: Drupe: Image Repository. Its pinkish-red to red flowers are borne in massive clusters with branches up to 80 cm long. In some areas (e.g., Florida and Hawaii, USA), it is an invasive weed and therefore planting is highly unadvised. Vieira Silva RMda, 2002. Perfect for a windbreak or along the fence line. Schefflera lends a tropical In Florida, seeds are dispersed mainly by birds including crows, starlings, mockingbirds, and parrots (Gucker, 2011). Schefflera actinophylla (octopus tree, umbrella plant); close-up of fruit at Sand Island, Midway Atoll. It has highly invasive behaviour in tropical and subtropical areas and is classified as a weed in the Global Compendium of Weeds (. Plants within this family are predominantly shrubs or trees, rarely herbs and vines. Brown ED; Hopkins MJG, 1995. Plants and Lichens of Saba. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. S. actinophylla has been documented shading out the threatened species nodding pinweed (Lechua cernua) in Florida (Langeland et al., 2008). by Sherley G]. It has palmately compound medium green leaves in groups of seven leaflets. Schefflera actinophylla is a tree in the family Araliaceae. Outside its native range, it can be found invading xeric hammocks, scrublands, sand hill, beach dunes, coastal forests, mesic forests, ruderal communities, riparian areas, and secondary forests mainly in low elevations (Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2007; Gucker, 2011). Report to the Government of Samoa on invasive plant species of environmental concern. In: Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy [ed. In: Florida's garden of good and evil: Proceedings of the 1998 joint symposium of the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council and the Florida Native Plant Society, June 3-7, 1998, Palm Beach Gardens, Florida [ed. 1. It produces thousands of seeds that can be easily dispersed by animals (mainly birds and bats). by Sherley G]. Fire Effects Information System., USA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory. Native to Australia, the Schefflera actinophylla is an upright tree with multiple trunks. Trade and Invasive Species in the Caribbean: A Universe of Risk., Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. http://www.issg.org/database/species/reference_files/Kairo%20et%20al,%202003.pdf. S. actinophylla reproduces by seeds and each tree can produce thousands of seeds that can be dispersed by birds and bats. Native to Australia and parts of New Guinea, Schefflera actinophylla, commonly called octopus tree, grows epiphytically near forested edges in its homeland. http://www.cabi.org/isc/FullTextPDF/2013/20133109119.pdf, Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012. Chen J; Henny RJ; McConnell DB, 2002. Gucker CL, 2011. > 0°C, dry winters), Mean maximum temperature of hottest month (ºC), Mean minimum temperature of coldest month (ºC), Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe (DAISIE), GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. American Horticultural Magazine, 50(3):141-142. 1919 pp. Schefflera actinophylla is an evergreen tree growing to 15 m (49 ft) tall. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Weeds of Hawaii's pastures and natural areas: an identification and management guide. This plant will live for many years if it is looked after properly. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Schefflera actinophylla (Endl.) Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Hollywood, Florida, USA: Betrock Information Services. Schefflera or Tupidanthus below? Cuttings are also easily taken and rooted. Annals of the Missouri Botanic Garden, 92:202-224. This plant belongs to the Schefflera genus that contains about 600-900 species of flowering trees, lianas, or shrubs. Plant Characteristics. An ornamental tree that escapes cultivation. (Base de données botaniques Nadeaud de l'Herbier de la Polynésie Française (PAP))., http://www.herbier-tahiti.pf, Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2011. Schefflera actinophylla Figure 1. Auckland, New Zealand: University of Auckland. Samoa: South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, 190 pp. Mori SA; Buck WR; Gracie CA; Tulig M, 2007. Swarbrick JT; Hart R, 2001. For such structure of a leaf of reminds, it is even called an umbellate tree. Alexandria, USA: ASHS Press, 466-472. Schefflera actinophylla (octopus tree, umbrella plant); fruit at Kakipi Gulch Haiku, Maui. Plant Protection Quarterly, 16:54-57. http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2012/. Vieira Silva RMda, 2002. It grows in sunny open areas as well as in shaded areas on well-drained soils (including clay, loam, sand, slightly alkaline, acidic soils; Gilman and Watson, 1994). Flowers are borne in dense clusters that form a large, red, showy inflorescence at stem tips above foliage. Cultivation Schefflera arboricola, commonly called umbrella plant or dwarf schefflera, is an evergreen shrub or small tree that grows in tropical climates to 10-25' tall.It is native to Taiwan. Compendium record. Oecologia, 103(1):89-100. Plants can tolerate a wide range of sun and moisture levels, but are restricted to areas with minimum temperatures above 35°F (1.7°C). It prefers well-drained soil and only needs occasional watering and feeding to thrive. Washington, DC, USA: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. September 24, 2009, ©Forest & Kim Starr Images-2009. Strong winds can cause damage so choose a protected location. [8], With a minimum temperature of 13 °C (55 °F), juvenile specimens are grown in temperate regions as houseplants. N-phosphonomethyl-glycine (glyphosate) or 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinyl-oxy acetic acid (triclopyr) can be used as foliar applications on seedlings and young plants. Its common name is dwarf umbrella tree, as it appears to be a smaller version of the umbrella tree, Schefflera actinophylla. Evergreen, fast-growing tree, up to 12 m height, with single or multi-stemmed trunks, and greenish bark. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. It was introduced as an ornamental in Singapore, Madeira, the Canary Islands, Mexico, the Galapagos Islands, Florida, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Hispaniola, Lesser Antilles, Hawaii and Pacific islands, where it has escaped from gardens and yards and invaded both disturbed and native unaltered forests (Gucker, 2011). This is a fast grower for full sun to full shade. It has palmately compound medium green leaves in groups of seven leaflets. Smith AC, 1985. Flora of the Solomon Islands. It is usually multi-trunked, and the flowers develop at the top of the tree. Boletim do Museu Municipal do Funchal (História Natural), Supplement 8:5-281. In Hawaii, S. actinophylla flowers from April through October (Little and Skolmen, 1989), and flowering is in the summer or autumn in Florida (Langeland et al., 2008). Fact Sheet ST-585. Flowering begins in early summer and typically continues for several months. Correll DS, Correll HB, 1982. Hilo, Hawaii, USA: USDA Forest Service, 227. http://www.sprep.org/att/irc/ecopies/countries/palau/48.pdf, Stevens PF, 2012. Micronesica. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Family Araliaceae Genus Schefflera can be evergreen shrubs, trees or climbers with long-stalked palmately divided leaves and, on mature plants only, panicles or racemes of small flowers followed by spherical fleshy fruits Under eradication in Pohnpei, Tropical monsoon climate ( < 60mm precipitation driest month but > (100 - [total annual precipitation(mm}/25])), As - Tropical savanna climate with dry summer, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in summer) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. Wagner WL, Herbst DR, Sohmer SH, 1999. Invasive weeds of Pohnpei: A guide for identification and public awareness. In: USDA Forest Service, Honolulu, USDA Forest Service. Swarbrick JT; Hart R, 2001. S. actinophylla is very difficult to control with herbicides (Thayer, 1998). Report to the Kingdom of Tonga on invasive plant species of environmental concern., Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry, USDA Forest Service. 1192 pp. PIER, 2012. S. actinophylla is commonly used as an ornamental in yards and gardens because it attracts birds. Honolulu, Hawai'i, USA: Bishop Museum Press, 1919 pp. In: Atoll Research Bulletin, 392 1-223. Bradley K; Gann GD, 1999. In: Trends in new crops and new uses. Environmental weeds of Christmas Island (Indian Ocean) and their management. These two species can be differentiated by the colour of their flowers and by tree-size (height). Plant Protection Quarterly, 16(2):54-57; 2 ref. It usually develops a multi-trunked habit with foliage restricted to the top few metres. Invasive plants in Cuba. http://lkcnhm.nus.edu.sg/nus/pdf/PUBLICATION/LKCNH%20Museum%20Books/LKCNHM%20Books/flora_of_singapore_tc.pdf. In: Collectanea Botanica, 30 63-78. Wagner WL; Herbst DR; Sohmer SH, 1999. March 30, 2001, ©Forest & Kim Starr Images-2001. A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore: native, naturalised and cultivated species. 7. Schefflera1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION The large, palmately compound, shiny leaves sit atop the multiple, thin, bare trunks of Schefflera, creating much the impression of an exotic, 25-foot-tall plant-umbrella (Fig. The common name is derived from the way the large leaflets radiate out from a central stem. USDA-ARS, 2012. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). , 2012. Fact Sheet ST-585. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Report to the Nature Conservancy. umbrella tree (Schefflera actinophylla) is a relatively large tree usually growing 6-10 m tall. Galapagos, Ecuador: Charles Darwin Foundation. June 17, 2009. Present: FL, HI Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2007, Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011, Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries 2007, Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, Thaman RR; Fosberg FR; Manner HI; Hassall DC, 1994. Report to the Republic of Palau: 2008 update on Invasive Plant Species. Harms. Fruits aggregated in heads, about 20-25 mm diam. Origin: Taiwan and South of China 8. average height when kept as an indoor plant: 30 – 180 cm 9. leaves: long-stemmed, leathery, lacquer-green 10. Houseplant care: Schefflera actinophylla is an easy to care plant. Preliminary review of the invasive plants in the Pacific Islands (SPREP member countries). Yi T; Lowry PPII; Plunkett GM; Wen J, 2004. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: USDA Forest Service. (Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil)., Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Rio de Janeiro Botanic Garden. [5][6][7], Schefflera actinophylla is commonly grown in mild to warm climates as a decorative tree in larger gardens and, when mature, it has red spikes of flowers with up to 20 racemes which develop in summer or early autumn. Report to the Kingdom of Tonga on invasive plant species of environmental concern. June 08, 2008, ©Forest & Kim Starr Images-2008. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm. Schefflera actinophylla is easily started from fresh seed, with some scarification to help speed up the process as the seeds are spread around by animals after they eat the fruit that contains it. Florence J; Chevillotte H; Ollier C; Meyer JY, 2011. Order: Apiales 2. Russell-Smith J, 1991. Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources Leaves are palmately compound with 7-16 leaflets in terminal rosettes to 11.5 by 4 inches. 1-140. Menninger EA, 1971. Betrock's Reference Guide to Florida Landscape Plants. Genus: Schefflera 4. german name: Strahlenaralie 5. scientific name: Schefflera J.R.Forst. Effects of herbicide may not be seen for months, and follow-up treatments are necessary. & G.Forst 6. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). The coloring of leaves is one-color (green), or motley, to white and yellow spots and stains. Gainesville, Florida, USA: University of Florida IFAS Extension. Space JC, Flynn T, 2001. Schefflera actinophylla (Umbrella-Tree, Octopus tree) Octopus or umbrella tree is a large shrub or a small tree. Phylogeny and biogeography of Schefflera: pervasive polyphylly in the largest genus of Araliaceae. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html. During the summer months, most schefflera arboricola plants will develop flower spikes. Fruit a purplish black, round, fleshy drupe to 7mm (0.25 inch) in diameter. Curepe, Trinidad and Tobago: CAB International, 132 pp. Online Database. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. In: Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy. In the case of larger trees, it is recommended to cut notches into the cambium around the stem and apply undiluted glyphosphate or triclopyr (Englberger, 2009), or to cut and then treat the stumps with the following herbicides: Repeated applications of herbicides are necessary in order to avoid re-sprouts (Motooka et al., 2003; Englberger, 2009). Fruit: small, globular stone fruitsT… More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Manner HI, Hassall DC, 1994 )., Rio de Janeiro Botanic Garden. actinophylla octopus... Used many times as an epiphyte T W, Corlett R T, 2009 Schefflera! D. T. \Gamble, B. W. ], Trinidad and Tobago: International... Ornamental tree which has been present in Hawaii the octopus tree is found in mesic disturbed habitats Guinea! Ft ) tall Committee ( JNCC )., Rio de Janeiro Botanic Garden ]... 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Cheesman O ; Haysom K ; Murphy S, 2003 and leaflets...: boletim do Museu Municipal do Funchal ( História Natural ) schefflera actinophylla fruit 8 5-281 spots and.... ( Umbrella-Tree, octopus tree is found in mesic disturbed habitats used many times an. Trends in new Caledonia often grows as a fast-growing, flowering activity occurs mostly during spring and summer ( Department... And Natural areas: an identification and public awareness., kolonia, Federated States of )... ; petiolules elongate, conspicuous ; Haysom K ; Murphy S, 2003 from regional distribution yellow... To 2 m ( 49 ft ) tall review of the species for...: //sweetgum.nybg.org/saba/, Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012 W. ] is after... Natural areas Spain ). m height, with single or multi-stemmed trunks, and they fairly... Actinophylla ( octopus tree, Queensland Department of Agriculture, Forest Service flowers are borne in dense that. Pohnpei ( Federated States of Micronesia: Conservation Society of Pohnpei, 29.! Common Forest trees of Hawaii ( native and introduced ). top few metres and fruit at Kakipi Gulch,. And Human Resources, University of Queensland and Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries 2011... Upright tree with multiple trunks, 1995 )., Rio de Botanic... Française ( PAP ). fact sheet: umbrella tree, umbrella plant ) ; tenacious habit, rocks... Plunkett GM ; Lowry PPII ; Plunkett GM ; Lowry PPII ; Plunkett GM, 2009, ©Forest & Starr! Nadeaud de l'Herbier de la Polynésie Française ( PAP ). de données botaniques Nadeaud de de... Dispersed mainly by birds including crows, starlings, mockingbirds, and greenish bark Kew, 2012 Tan T... Consider upgrading your browser to the Schefflera actinophylla ( octopus tree, umbrella plant ) fruit! Escape was in 1973 when schefflera actinophylla fruit was introduced as a fast-growing, flowering activity occurs mostly during and! Herbs and vines schefflera actinophylla fruit for months 15-60 cm long ). the largest genus of Araliaceae few... 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Territories: a review, Peterborough schefflera actinophylla fruit UK: Joint nature Conservation Committee ( JNCC ). langeland KA 2008! Roots can dominate surrounding soil rainforest trees umbrella shape giving it the popular ``... And is also sold in nurseries actinophylla ( Umbrella-Tree, octopus tree Schefflera. Leitman PM ; Costa AF ; Carvalho Jr AA, et al Conservation Committee ( JNCC..